Resources – My Most Valuable Tips

Resources – My Most Valuable Tips

Tips on Growing Walnut Trees Besides walnut trees producing a delicious and very nutritious nut, they are also the source of high quality wood. On hot days, the large, arched limbs of the walnut tree provide lots of shade. Instructions for Growing Of Walnuts Many walnut trees that can be found growing in the United States attain a height of over 50 feet, with similarity in width. Persian and English black walnuts are most commonly grown in the United States, and are used for production of nuts as well as for shade. A fully mature tree is capable of producing between 50 and 80 pounds of walnuts yearly. With large, delicious nuts, the Persian walnut tree is the most common in California. Several cultivars exist, including Chandler, Ashley, Pedro, Howard, Hartley, Serr Vina, Tehama and Sunland. In late spring, all of these cultivars leaf out, avoiding the walnut blight. Persian walnuts have evolved to survive in Mediterranean climates that have mild winters, which means they may not be suitable in some regions. Early ripening varieties of walnuts need 140 to 150 days annually with temperatures of -2 and -6 C (27 and 29 F).
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Planting your walnut tree is the next step after choosing the variety of walnut you want. Tilling about 12 square feet up to a depth of 10 inches or more will get rid of grass and weeds which would compete with your tree for nutrients and water. After this, dig a hole that is about 1 or 2 inches larger than the root ball of your walnut seedling. Plant the walnut seedling up to the same depth as its pot or bury its roots 1 to 2 inches underneath the soil. After you fill in the hole, you should tamp down to ensure that there are no air pockets left around the seedling’s roots. Water your seedling until the ground is moist, avoiding soaking. Care for Walnut Trees The extensive network of roots on a walnut tree means that the seedling does not require constant watering unless the top couple of inches of soil have dried out. There is no need for you to prune a maturing walnut tree unless it has dead or damaged branches. Every spring, remember to mulch the walnut tree. Walnut Harvesting A walnut grower must be patient. A walnut tree does not produce nuts until it is about 10 years old, with its production at a peak when it is around 30 years old. How can you tell when your walnuts are ready to be harvested? In the case of Persian walnuts, the seed coat starts to turn a light tan hue. Commercial walnut producers shake the tree with a limb shaker which has a window to collect the nuts depending on how large a walnut tree is. Shaking the tree manually and collecting fallen nuts is the standard harvesting method for home growers.

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